Objectives-To assess the contribution of children with different birth weights to special educational needs within a single health district, and to determine whether this pattern changed over the time when the survival of very low birthweight (VLBW) infants was increasing.
Study design-A cohort of children both to local parents between January 1974 and December 1980 was selected from birth notifications, including only those infants who survived for more than one month.
Community child health records were then inspected to identify children from the cohort who had been formally assessed for special educational needs before their 8th birthday.
The risk of special educational needs was compared for the years 1974-77 and 1977-80 (the first and second halves of the period studied).
Subjects-The infant cohort consisted of 31 846 children.
Altogether 260 (0-8%) of these were later assessed formally.
VLBW infants were 4.4 times more likely to be assessed than normal birthweight infants.
Formal assessment within the district occurred in three of 68 VLBW infants from the first half of the period studied, and three of 120 from the second half.
Mots-clés Pascal : Poids naissance très faible, Nouveau né, Homme, Epidémiologie, Trouble développement, Handicap, Arriération mentale, Royaume Uni, Europe, Prématuré, Gestation pathologie, Nouveau né pathologie, Londres
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Very low birthweight, Newborn, Human, Epidemiology, Developmental disorder, Handicap, Mental retardation, United Kingdom, Europe, Premature, Pregnancy disorders, Newborn diseases
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0137634
Code Inist : 002B18D04D. Création : 09/06/1995.