Community-based survey versus sentinel site sampling in determining the nutritional status of rural children. Implications for nutritional surveillance and the development of nutritional programmes.
A study of the anthropometric status of under-5-year-olds was conducted in the Nqutu district of KwaZulu by means of a representative community-based sample and concurrent samples from primary health care clinics, preschools and primary schools.
The first objective of this exercise was to determine the extent of acute nutritional stress in the district as an indication of the appropriateness of food relief efforts in the region.
The absence of wasting and the high prevalence of stunting (37,5%) in the community-based sample suggested that the main problem is chronic socioeconomic underdevelopment, rather than a severe or immediate lack of food.
The fact that fewer than 20% of households are in any way reliant on domestic production for their maize requirements explains why the recent drough has not has a greater impact on the nutritional status of this vulnerable group.
Mots-clés Pascal : Etat nutritionnel, Zone rurale, Enfant, Homme, Surveillance sanitaire, Programme sanitaire, République Sud Africaine, Afrique
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Nutritional status, Rural area, Child, Human, Sanitary surveillance, Sanitary program, South Africa, Africa
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0115032
Code Inist : 002B29B. Création : 09/06/1995.