Osteoporosis in a largely self-referred population : high prevalence but low medical priority : why ?
Dual photon bone density screening for osteoporosis (OP) and osteopenia of the lumbar spine was performed in 108 women aged 34-75 years of whom 91% were self-referred in a cross-sectional study.
OP was present in 18.6% when defined as greater than 2 SD bone mineral density (BMD) reduction compared to young normals and in 41.6% with osteopenia (1 SD BMD reduction).
Twelve percent gave an actual history of previous fractures.
In those who showed reduced BMD (60%), 69.5% had a family history and 54% scalp hair loss although this was not a good prognostic sign.
An Osteoporosis Risk Questionnaire was not an accurate predictor of BMD, thus bone density screening remains essential for early and accurate diagnosis.
Mots-clés Pascal : Royaume Uni, Europe, Homme, Femelle, Etude transversale, Ostéoporose, Ostéopénie, Rachis lombaire, Elément minéral, Densité, Facteur risque, Os, Squelette, Système ostéoarticulaire pathologie, Ostéopathie, Diagnostic, Prévalence, Traitement, Prévention
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : United Kingdom, Europe, Human, Female, Cross sectional study, Osteoporosis, Osteopenia, Lumbar spine, Inorganic element, Density, Risk factor, Bone, Skeleton, Diseases of the osteoarticular system, Bone disease, Diagnosis, Prevalence, Treatment, Prevention
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0092666
Code Inist : 002B15A. Création : 09/06/1995.