Sick-leave due to minor psychiatric morbidity : role of sex integration.
During the years 1985-1987 all sick-leave spells exceeding 7 days, together with a number of demographic variables, were registered in a Swedish county.
Using this register, the 3,100 employed persons with at least one sick-leave per year due to minor psychiatric morbidity were analysed with regard to age, occupation and sex.
The annual cumulative incidence was 1.7% of the employed population.
In 1985 the female incidence was 2.1% and the male incidence was 1.3%. Incidence was highest in the middle-aged.
The mean number of absence days per sick-listed person was 73 in 1985.
For women, the corresponding figure was 63 and for men, 82.
Industrial occupations had the highest incidence and with few exceptions, women had a higher incidence than men in each occupation.
Occupations were categorized into five groups according to the number of women and men employed.
Women in extremely male-dominated occupations had the highest incidence of all groups, 4.6%. Men in extremely female-dominated occupations had the highest incidence of all men, 2.9%. Occupations with an equal sex distribution had the lowest sick-leave incidence, 1,2%. Further studies on the influence of sex integration on sickness absence need to be done.
Mots-clés Pascal : Absentéisme, Milieu professionnel, Trouble psychiatrique, Suède, Europe, Incidence, Age, Sexe, Profession, Intégration sociale, Statut socioéconomique, Santé mentale, Homme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Absenteeism, Occupational environment, Mental disorder, Sweden, Europe, Incidence, Age, Sex, Profession, Social integration, Socioeconomic status, Mental health, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0089118
Code Inist : 002A26L10. Création : 09/06/1995.