Effectiveness of and compliance to preventive measures against the occupational transmission of human immunodeficiency virus.
To prevent the occupational transmission of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and other blood-borne infections in health care settings, guidelines have been issued as universal precautions and body substance isolation.
Patient testing has also been advocated.
The literature on the compliance to and effectiveness of these measures was reviewed and analyzed to establish the state of knowledge and make appropriate recommendations to improve guidelines.
It showed that workers'compliance to recommended measures is relatively poor.
The effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of universal precautions and body substance isolation remain to be demonstrated.
Testing patients for HIV infection and other bloodborne pathogens does not appear to be a more appropriate solution.
Mots-clés Pascal : SIDA, Virose, Infection, Hépatite virale B, Hépatite virale C, Exposition professionnelle, Personnel sanitaire, Homme, Recommandation, Analyse coût efficacité, Prévention, Article synthèse, Médecine travail, Milieu hospitalier, Immunopathologie, Immunodéficit, Foie pathologie, Appareil digestif pathologie, Observance
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : AIDS, Viral disease, Infection, Viral hepatitis B, Viral hepatitis C, Occupational exposure, Health staff, Human, Recommendation, Cost efficiency analysis, Prevention, Review, Occupational medicine, Hospital environment, Immunopathology, Immune deficiency, Hepatic disease, Digestive diseases
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0052052
Code Inist : 002B06D01. Création : 09/06/1995.