Women's employment, marriage, motherhood and mortality : a test of the multiple role and role accumulation hypotheses.
Two contrasting hypotheses on the effects of combining marital, parental and work roles on mortality are analysed in this paper.
The « multiple role » hypothesis suggests that the effects are harmful, but the « role accumulation » hypothesis argues that the benefits will outweigh the possible harmful effects.
This paper uses record linkage data for all 35-54 year-old non-pensioned Finnish women to examine the two hypotheses.
Women with all three roles of wife, mother and employee had low mortality.
This, however, was a reflection of the main effects of these three variables.
Only lone mothers with>1 child-about 4% of the study population-were characterized as having a somewhat deviant mortality from what was to be expected on the basis of the main effects model.
Mots-clés Pascal : Mortalité, Femme, Rôle social, Statut conjugal, Mère, Activité professionnelle, Statut socioéconomique, Milieu familial, Epidémiologie, Finlande, Homme, Europe
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Mortality, Woman, Social role, Marital status, Mother, Professional activity, Socioeconomic status, Family environment, Epidemiology, Finland, Human, Europe
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0050026
Code Inist : 002B30A01A2. Création : 09/06/1995.