The epidemiology of peripheral vascular disease has been studied much less extensively than the epidemiology of coronary heart disease (CHD).
The prospective Reykjavik Study gave an opportunity to monitor secular trends from 1968 to 1986 of clinical intermittent claudication (IC) amongst Icelandic males, aged 3480 and to assess the importance of possible risk factors.
Both prevalence and incidence of IC decreased sharply after 1970 in all age groups, and this decline occurred a few years earlier than the decline of CHD in Iceland.
The only significant risk factors for intermittent claudication, in addition to age, were smoking which increased the risk of IC 8-to 10-fold and serum cholesterol level.
Mots-clés Pascal : Claudication, Intermittent, Membre, Epidémiologie, Islande, Iles Atlantiques, Homme, Facteur risque, Tabagisme, Cholestérol, Lipide, Appareil circulatoire pathologie, Vaisseau sanguin pathologie, Artère pathologie, Artériopathie oblitérante
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Claudication, Intermittent, Limb, Epidemiology, Iceland, Atlantic Ocean Islands, Human, Risk factor, Tobacco smoking, Cholesterol, Lipids, Cardiovascular disease, Vascular disease, Arterial disease, Occlusive arterial disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0037283
Code Inist : 002B12B03. Création : 09/06/1995.