In March 1992, a cluster of 89 persons with tuberculosis infection was identified in San Mateo County, California.
Thirteen persons (15%), including 11 children, were diagnosed with active pulmonary tuberculosis.
All contacts were African Americans who resided in or visited one of two houses used for crack cocaine smoking or dealing.
The patient with the index case, a male infected with human immunodeficiency virus, contributed to the transmission of tuberculosis as a transient resident of several dwellings.
Public health authorities applied unique intervention methods to control the outbreak, including the use of a mobile health van.
Futher innovative strategies will be necessary to meet the challenge of this reemerging disease.
Mots-clés Pascal : Tuberculose, Mycobactériose, Bactériose, Infection, Toxicomanie, Cocaïne, Homme, Californie, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Transmission, Foyer infectieux, Appareil respiratoire pathologie, Crack, Lieu rencontre
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Tuberculosis, Mycobacterial infection, Bacteriosis, Infection, Drug addiction, Cocaine, Human, California, United States, North America, America, Transmission, Infectious focus, Respiratory disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0033556
Code Inist : 002B05B02E. Création : 09/06/1995.