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  1. Prevalence of HIV-1 infection in rural, semi-urban and urban villages in southwest Tanzania : estimates from a blood-donor study.

    Article - En anglais

    Objectives 

    To measure the prevalence of HIV-1 infection in different subgroups of blood donors and to identify groups at high risk of acquiring HIV-1.

    Methods 

    Between March 1988 and April 1991 all blood donors at Ilembula Lutheran Hospital, Tanzania were asked about their age, marital status, home village and occupation, and tested for the presence of HIV antibodies using a first generation, whole virus lysate enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA).

    Some negative (n=265) and nearly all positive samples (439 out of 485) were subjected to confirmatory testing including recombinant and peptide-based ELISA and Western blot assays.

    Results 

    A total of 3474 male and 1287 female blood donors were studied.

    Mots-clés Pascal : SIDA, Virose, Infection, Virus HIV1, Virus immunodéficience humaine, Lentivirinae, Retroviridae, Virus, Zone urbaine, Zone rurale, Zone suburbaine, Répartition géographique, Prévalence, Tanzanie, Afrique, Epidémiologie, Exploration immunologique, Homme, Surveillance sanitaire, Immunopathologie, Immunodéficit

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : AIDS, Viral disease, Infection, HIV-1 virus, Human immunodeficiency virus, Lentivirinae, Retroviridae, Virus, Urban area, Rural area, Suburban zone, Geographic distribution, Prevalence, Tanzania, Africa, Epidemiology, Immunological investigation, Human, Sanitary surveillance, Immunopathology, Immune deficiency

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 94-0715460

    Code Inist : 002B06D01. Création : 09/06/1995.