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  1. Job stressors and coping characteristics in work-related disease : issues of validity.

    Article - En anglais

    There is now broad evidence that stressful work conditions and critical person characteristics contribute to the development of coronary dysfunction and disease via sustained autonomic nervous system activation.

    To improve the prediction of cornoary risk and disease we combined infromation on psychosocial work stressors and work-related coping characteristics ( « need for control ») in several studies.

    The theoretical model termed « effort-reward imbalance » assumes that high extrinsic (e.g. work pressure, cumulative workload) and intrinsic (e.g. « need for control ») effort spent at work in combination with low reward obtained (e.g. status control, esteem, monetary gratification) trigger sustained neuro-hormonal activation.

    In this paper the results of a 6 1/2 year prospective study conducted in 416 male blue-collar workers underline the validity of this model.

    Mots-clés Pascal : Condition travail, Charge travail, Stress, Milieu professionnel, Relation personnalité environnement, Environnement social, Effort, Récompense, Salaire, Facteur risque, Cardiopathie coronaire, Appareil circulatoire pathologie, Estime soi, Contrôle externe interne, Statut social, Etude longitudinale, Long terme, Modèle, Employé, Travailleur, Adulte, Homme

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Working condition, Workload, Stress, Occupational environment, Environment personality relation, Social environment, Effort, Reward, Wage, Risk factor, Coronary heart disease, Cardiovascular disease, Self esteem, Locus of control, Social status, Follow up study, Long term, Models, Employee, Worker, Adult, Human

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 94-0711089

    Code Inist : 002A26L09. Création : 09/06/1995.