The prevalence of cocaine abuse during pregnancy in Barcelona.
The aim of our study was to determine the prevalence of cocaine abuse, by means of positive urine toxicology screens or targeted questionnaire, among women in labor at our hospital.
The prospective study included 1773 women who delivered consecutively in our institution.
All of them underwent a standarized questionnaire including drug use and demographic data.
Urine samples were obtained during labor.
Urine toxicology screens for cocaine and its metabolites, opiates, and ethanol were performed by enzyme multiplied inmunoassay technique.
Information was coded in order to maintain anonymity.
Among the 1773 women in labor we screened, the mean age was 27.8 years and the overall prevalence of a positive questionnaire for cocaine was 0.3% and a positive urine toxicology was 0.8%.
Mots-clés Pascal : Toxicomanie, Cocaïne, Accouchement, Dépistage, Prévalence, Homme, Espagne, Europe, Mère pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Drug addiction, Cocaine, Delivery, Medical screening, Prevalence, Human, Spain, Europe, Maternal diseases
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 94-0699129
Code Inist : 002B20G01. Création : 09/06/1995.