HCV, HIV, HBV and HDV infections in intravenous drug addicts.
Hepatitis viruses and the acquired immunodeficiency viruses often infect intravenous drug addicts (IVDAs).
Our study includes 255 IVDAs (26 females and 229 males, aged 20-35 years) from Cagliari.
Of 255 subjects examined, 207 (81.1%) were positive for anti-HCV and 84 (32.9%) for anti-HIV.
Nineteen (7.4%) subjects were HBsAg carriers, and 12 of these (63%) had an HDV superinfection.
Markers of previous HBV infections were tested in 223 cases and 137 (61.4%) were found positive ; of these 14 (10.2%) also had HDV infection.
Of the 223 drug addicts examined for all infection markers, 18 (8%) were negative to all markers, 46 (20.6%) were positive to only one, 89 (39.9%) were positive to two, 64 (28.7%) to three and 6 (2.6%) were positive to all.
Mots-clés Pascal : Hépatite virale B, Virose, Infection, Hépatite virale C, Hépatite virale delta, SIDA, Epidémiologie, Toxicomanie, Voie intraveineuse, Adulte jeune, Homme, Association, Sardaigne, Italie, Europe, Immunopathologie, Immunodéficit
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Viral hepatitis B, Viral disease, Infection, Viral hepatitis C, Viral hepatitis delta, AIDS, Epidemiology, Drug addiction, Intravenous administration, Young adult, Human, Association, Sardinia, Italy, Europe, Immunopathology, Immune deficiency
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 94-0684066
Code Inist : 002B05C02G. Création : 09/06/1995.