However it is assessed, pneumonia is more important in the elderly than in any other age group.
For community acquired or nosocomial pneumonia elderly adults far exceed any other age group with 97% of all pneumonia deaths occurring in this age group.
Increasingly pneumonia in the immunocompromised elderly is also being seen.
The factors which determine the increased frequency of pneumonia in the elderly include social effects, immune changes and physiological changes in the lungs.
These are compounded by the effects of the high frequency of chronic disease in this group.
The clinical presentation of pneumonia is slightly different in the elderly and this, together with the presence of underlying disease, may make diagnosis difficult ; however, focal signs in the chest are nearly always present.
Mots-clés Pascal : Pneumonie, Epidémiologie, Article synthèse, Pathogénie, Vieillard, Homme, Diagnostic, Etiologie, Traitement, Appareil respiratoire pathologie, Poumon pathologie, Infection
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Pneumonia, Epidemiology, Review, Pathogenesis, Elderly, Human, Diagnosis, Etiology, Treatment, Respiratory disease, Lung disease, Infection
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 94-0683701
Code Inist : 002B11D. Création : 09/06/1995.