Hydrocephalus is most commonly diagnosed in the first few months of life, though cases also arise in later life.
Cerebrospinal fluid shunts used to control the condition are prone to colonization particularly by Staphylococcus epidermidis.
The incidence is very much higher in infancy than in older age groups, and this is probably due to prolonged hospital stay as a result of the underlying pathology, combined with the propensity for a high skin bacterial density with more adherent strains, rather than to any immune immaturity.
Diagnosis of shunt colonization is often very difficult and serological tests have an important role to play even in infancy.
There are several pitfalls in diagnosis, particularly in the elderly.
Mots-clés Pascal : Hydrocéphalie, Article synthèse, Epidémiologie, Liquide céphalorachidien, Homme, Age, Etiologie, Diagnostic, Traitement, Antibiotique, Staphylococcus epidermidis, Micrococcaceae, Micrococcales, Bactérie, Infection, Système nerveux pathologie, Système nerveux central pathologie, Encéphale pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Hydrocephaly, Review, Epidemiology, Cerebrospinal fluid, Human, Age, Etiology, Diagnosis, Treatment, Antibiotic, Staphylococcus epidermidis, Micrococcaceae, Micrococcales, Bacteria, Infection, Nervous system diseases, Central nervous system disease, Cerebral disorder
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 94-0683700
Code Inist : 002B17A07. Création : 09/06/1995.