This investigation is the first nationwide survey on the circulation of leptospira infections in human beings in Italy.
In nine out of twenty Italian regions, representative samples of the population were investigated for the presence of leptospira infections.
Unexpectedly, leptospira infections were found to be widespread, the number of cases being much higher than the diagnosed clinical cases.
There were found to be high, medium, and low risk areas.
On the whole, the risk for the rural population was no higher than the risk for urban dwellers ; leisure activities, contact with animals and residence on the plain versus residence in the hills were important risk factors.
Mots-clés Pascal : Leptospirose, Spirochétose, Bactériose, Infection, Epidémiologie, Prévalence, Homme, Italie, Europe, Variation géographique, Facteur risque
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Leptospirosis, Spirachaetosis, Bacteriosis, Infection, Epidemiology, Prevalence, Human, Italy, Europe, Geographical variation, Risk factor
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 94-0682338
Code Inist : 002B05B02L9. Création : 09/06/1995.