Neonatal tetanus in Peru : risk assessment with modified enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and toxoid skin test.
We used a modified enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) to investigate tetanus immunity in 232 pregnant Peruvian women.
One hundred forty-two (61.2%) had protective antitoxin titers (=0.01 IU/mL).
Protective titers correlated positively with the number of toxoid doses reported during the current pregnancy.
A majority of women reporting no toxoid doses during the current pregnancy had at least one prenatal health care visit.
We evaluated a toxoid skin test in 44 of the subjects, but it correlated poorly with the ELISA.
Mots-clés Pascal : Tétanos, Bactériose, Infection, Vaccination, Prévention, Homme, Femelle, Gestation, Immunoprotection, Immunité, Pérou, Amérique du Sud, Amérique
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Tetanus, Bacteriosis, Infection, Vaccination, Prevention, Human, Female, Pregnancy, Immunoprotection, Immunity, Peru, South America, America
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 94-0680216
Code Inist : 002B05B02I. Création : 09/06/1995.