Data collected in the 1985 National Nursing Home Survey were analyzed to identify risk factors for infections and mortality and to explore their relationship in US nursing homes.
An infection was recorded in 166 609 (14%) discharges.
Risk of pneumonia was found to be higher among bedbound patients (54.5 vs 13.1 per 100 discharges) ; urinary tract and other infections were most frequent among residents with indwelling catheters (6.6 vs 1.0 per 100 discharges).
Residents with pneumonia were more likely than those with other infections to die (35% vs 28%), or be discharged to hospitals if alive (94% vs 66%).
Mots-clés Pascal : Mortalité, Infection, Epidémiologie, Vieillard, Homme, Etablissement troisième âge, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Facteur risque
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Mortality, Infection, Epidemiology, Elderly, Human, Homes for the aged, United States, North America, America, Risk factor
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 94-0680211
Code Inist : 002B05A02. Création : 09/06/1995.