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  1. An epidemic of pneumococcal disease in an overcrowded, inadequately ventilated jail.

    Article - En anglais

    Background

    In the United States many correctional facilities now operate at far over capacity, with the potential for living conditions that permit outbreaks of respiratory infections.

    We investigated an outbreak that was identified in an overcrowded Houston jail after two inmates died of pneumococcal sepsis on the same day.

    Outbreaks of pneumococcal disease have been rare in the era of antibiotics.

    Methods

    We assessed risk factors for pneumococcal disease in both a case-control and a cohort study.

    Ventilation was evaluated by measuring carbon dioxide levels and air flow to the living areas of the jail.

    The extent of asymptomatic infection was determined by culturing pharyngeal specimens from a random sample of inmates.

    Mots-clés Pascal : Pneumonie, Streptococcus pneumoniae, Streptococcaceae, Micrococcales, Bactérie, Milieu carcéral, Ventilation, Epidémiologie, Homme, Appareil respiratoire pathologie, Poumon pathologie

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Pneumonia, Streptococcus pneumoniae, Streptococcaceae, Micrococcales, Bacteria, Carceral environment, Ventilation, Epidemiology, Human, Respiratory disease, Lung disease

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 94-0668318

    Code Inist : 002B05B02E. Création : 09/06/1995.