An epidemic of pneumococcal disease in an overcrowded, inadequately ventilated jail.
In the United States many correctional facilities now operate at far over capacity, with the potential for living conditions that permit outbreaks of respiratory infections.
We investigated an outbreak that was identified in an overcrowded Houston jail after two inmates died of pneumococcal sepsis on the same day.
Outbreaks of pneumococcal disease have been rare in the era of antibiotics.
We assessed risk factors for pneumococcal disease in both a case-control and a cohort study.
Ventilation was evaluated by measuring carbon dioxide levels and air flow to the living areas of the jail.
The extent of asymptomatic infection was determined by culturing pharyngeal specimens from a random sample of inmates.
Mots-clés Pascal : Pneumonie, Streptococcus pneumoniae, Streptococcaceae, Micrococcales, Bactérie, Milieu carcéral, Ventilation, Epidémiologie, Homme, Appareil respiratoire pathologie, Poumon pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Pneumonia, Streptococcus pneumoniae, Streptococcaceae, Micrococcales, Bacteria, Carceral environment, Ventilation, Epidemiology, Human, Respiratory disease, Lung disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 94-0668318
Code Inist : 002B05B02E. Création : 09/06/1995.