Exercise-induced airways narrowing and exposure to environmental tobacco smoke in schoolchildren.
A case-control study of exercise-induced airways narrowing (EIAN) and exposure to environmental tobacco smoke has been carried out in Mataro, Spain.
This study followed a prevalence study on EIAN performed on a random sample of 2,056 schoolchildren aged 9-14 years.
Cases were 136 children having a decrease in postexercise peak expiratory flow rate equal to or greater than 15% ; two controls per case, matched by sex, age, and classroom, were selected among children with a negative EIAN test.
A complete history of environmental tobacco smoke exposure was collected from the parents by means of a questionnaire.
Exposure from the mother was associated with EIAN in children (odds ratio=2.23,95% confidence interval 1.06-4.69) compared with those never exposed.
Mots-clés Pascal : Tabagisme passif, Enfant, Homme, Age scolaire, Epidémiologie, Toxicité, Asthme, Exercice physique, Bronchoconstriction provoquée, Parent, Espagne, Europe, Appareil respiratoire pathologie, Bronchopneumopathie obstructive, Etude cas témoin
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Passive smoking, Child, Human, School age, Epidemiology, Toxicity, Asthma, Physical exercise, Induced bronchoconstriction, Parent, Spain, Europe, Respiratory disease, Obstructive pulmonary disease, Case control study
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 94-0647073
Code Inist : 002B03E. Création : 09/06/1995.