International dissemination of epidemic Vibrio cholerae by cargo ship ballast and other nonpotable waters.
In 1991 and 1992, toxigenic Vibrio cholerae O1, serotype Inaba, biotype El Tor, was recovered from nonpotable (ballast, bilge, and sewage) water from five cargo ships docked in ports of the U.S. Gulf of Mexico.
Four of these ships had taken on ballast water in cholera-infected countries ; the fifth took on ballast in a noninfected country.
Isolates examined by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis were indistinguishable from the Latin American epidemic strain, C6707 ; however, they differed significantly from the endemic Gulf Coast strain (VRL 1984), the sixth-pandemic strain (569-B), and a V. cholerae non-O1 strain isolated from a ship arriving from a foreign port.
Mots-clés Pascal : Vibrio cholerae elTor, Dissémination, Contamination, Rejet eau usée, Navire, Réglementation, Contrôle microbiologique, Qualité eau, Pathogène, Vibrionaceae, Bactérie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Vibrio cholerae elTor, Dissemination, Contamination, Waste water discharge, Ship, Regulation, Microbiological testing, Water quality, Pathogenic, Vibrionaceae, Bacteria
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 94-0622516
Code Inist : 002B30A02A. Création : 09/06/1995.