A population-based case-control study of esophageal cancer was conducted in urban Shanghai involving interviews with 902 cases and 1,552 controls.
Risk of esophageal cancer was increased among tobacco smokers and alcohol drinkers.
Odds ratios (OR) for smoking were 2.1 and 1.6 for men and women, respectively, and increased with number of cigarettes smoked per day, duration of smoking, number of pack-years and decreasing age at start of smoking.
For men who were current alcohol drinkers OR was 1.4, with the excess risk primarily among heavy drinkers.
Few women drank alcoholic beverages.
The combined effect of heavy smoking and drinking among men was pronounced : OR was 12.0 for those who smoked more than 1 pack per day and drank more than 350 g of ethanol per week.
Mots-clés Pascal : Tumeur maligne, Oesophage, Epidémiologie, Facteur risque, Tabagisme, Alcoolisme, Chine, Asie, Homme, Oesophage pathologie, Appareil digestif pathologie, Etude cas témoin
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Malignant tumor, Esophagus, Epidemiology, Risk factor, Tobacco smoking, Alcoholism, China, Asia, Human, Esophageal disease, Digestive diseases, Case control study
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 94-0591788
Code Inist : 002B13A01. Création : 09/06/1995.