Incidence of hepatitis B virus infection among an Italian military population : evidence of low infection spread.
In 1990, a prospective serological survey to estimate the rate of clinical and inapparent infection with hepatitis B virus was performed in a cohort of 1324 soldiers, 18-24 years old, during an eight month period in Italy.
At the time of enrollment the prevalence of hepatitis B markers was 4.6% (0.7% subjects positive for hepatitis B surface antigen [HBsAg], 3.0% positive for antibody to hepatitis B surface antigen [anti-HBs], and 0.9% positive for antibody to hepatitis B core antigen [anti-HBc] alone.
Among the 1263 susceptible subjects who were followed-up, only 2 (0.24/100 person-years of exposure) had seroconversion for HBV markers, none of which was associated with clinical illness.
Mots-clés Pascal : Hépatite virale B, Virose, Infection, Sérologie, Epidémiologie, Incidence, Prévalence, Adulte jeune, Homme, Italie, Europe, Militaire, Etude longitudinale, Dissémination
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Viral hepatitis B, Viral disease, Infection, Serology, Epidemiology, Incidence, Prevalence, Young adult, Human, Italy, Europe, Military, Follow up study, Dissemination
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 94-0588417
Code Inist : 002B05C02G. Création : 09/06/1995.