Multi-drug resistant typhoid fever in hospitalized children : clinical, bacteriological and epidemiological profiles.
A total of 592 children with clinical diagnosis of typhoid fever admitted to the Dr B. C. Roy Memorial Hospital for Children, Calcutta, India during the period between February 1990 and January 1992, were screened for Salmonella typhi by blood culture.
S. typhi was isolated from 221 (37.3%) cases.
The majority of the strains (92.3%) showed multi-drug resistant (MDR).
They were resistant to chloramphenicol, ampicillin, tetracycline and trimethoprim-sulphamethoxazole.
However, all the strains were uniformly (100%) susceptible to gentamicin, amikacin, furazolidone, norfloxacin and ciprofloxacin.
Minimum inhibitory concentration of the antimicrobial agents against the resistant strains of S. typhi ranged between 200 and>1600 mug/ml.
Mots-clés Pascal : Typhoïde, Salmonellose, Bactériose, Infection, Enfant, Homme, Salmonella typhi, Enterobacteriaceae, Bactérie, Epidémiologie, Hospitalisation, Inde, Asie, Exploration bactériologique
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Typhoid, Salmonellosis, Bacteriosis, Infection, Child, Human, Salmonella typhi, Enterobacteriaceae, Bacteria, Epidemiology, Hospitalization, India, Asia, Bacteriological investigation
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 94-0588405
Code Inist : 002B05B02F. Création : 09/06/1995.