The effects of passive smoking on ischemic heart disease are reviewed.
Short-term exposures of 20 min to 8 h result in increased platelet sensitivity and decreased ability of the heart to receive and process oxygen.
Longer term exposure results in plaque buildup and adverse effects on blood cholesterol.
The available epidemiology is reviewed, and it is concluded that passive smoking increases the coronary death rate among U.S. never smokers by 20% to 70%. The newest EnvironmentalProtection Agency procedures for estimating deaths from passive smoking, when applied to the epidemiologic results on heart disease and passive smoking, indicate that in 1985 an estimated 62,000 ischemic heart disease deaths in the United States were associated with exposure to environmental tobacco smoke.
Mots-clés Pascal : Cardiopathie coronaire, Pathogénie, Homme, Tabagisme passif, Epidémiologie, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Appareil circulatoire pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Coronary heart disease, Pathogenesis, Human, Passive smoking, Epidemiology, United States, North America, America, Cardiovascular disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 94-0580718
Code Inist : 002B12A03. Création : 09/06/1995.