Unanticipated benefits of automotive emission control : reduction in fatalities by motor vehicle exhaust gas.
Highway pollution. International symposium. Madrid ESP, 1992/05/18.
In 1970, before the implementation of strict controls on emissions in motor vehicle exhaust gas (MVEG), the annual USA incidence of fatal accidents by carbon monoxide in the MVEG was ~800 and that of suicides ~2000 (somewhat less than 10% of total suicides).
In 1987, there were ~400 fatal accidents and ~2700 suicides by MVEG.
Accounting for the growth in population and vehicle registration, the yearly lives saved in accidents by MVEG were ~1200 in 1987 and avoided suicides ~1400.
The decrease in accidents continues unabated while the decrease in expected suicides by MVEG reached a plateau in 1981-1983.
The reasons for this disparity are discussed.
Mots-clés Pascal : Véhicule à moteur, Automobile, Gaz échappement, Contrôle, Avantage, Accident, Suicide, Réduction, Homme, Législation, Carbone monoxyde, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Motor vehicle, Motor car, Exhaust gas, Check, Advantage, Accident, Suicide, Reduction, Human, Legislation, Carbon monoxide, United States, North America, America
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 94-0576218
Code Inist : 002B30A02A. Création : 09/06/1995.