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  1. Unanticipated benefits of automotive emission control : reduction in fatalities by motor vehicle exhaust gas.

    Article, Communication - En anglais

    Highway pollution. International symposium. Madrid ESP, 1992/05/18.

    In 1970, before the implementation of strict controls on emissions in motor vehicle exhaust gas (MVEG), the annual USA incidence of fatal accidents by carbon monoxide in the MVEG was ~800 and that of suicides ~2000 (somewhat less than 10% of total suicides).

    In 1987, there were ~400 fatal accidents and ~2700 suicides by MVEG.

    Accounting for the growth in population and vehicle registration, the yearly lives saved in accidents by MVEG were ~1200 in 1987 and avoided suicides ~1400.

    The decrease in accidents continues unabated while the decrease in expected suicides by MVEG reached a plateau in 1981-1983.

    The reasons for this disparity are discussed.

    Mots-clés Pascal : Véhicule à moteur, Automobile, Gaz échappement, Contrôle, Avantage, Accident, Suicide, Réduction, Homme, Législation, Carbone monoxyde, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Motor vehicle, Motor car, Exhaust gas, Check, Advantage, Accident, Suicide, Reduction, Human, Legislation, Carbon monoxide, United States, North America, America

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 94-0576218

    Code Inist : 002B30A02A. Création : 09/06/1995.