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  1. Disappearance of epiglottitis during large-scale vaccination with Haemophilus influenzae type B conjugate vaccine among children in Finland.

    Article - En anglais

    Surveillance of blood-culture-proven epiglottitis was conducted in Finland from 1985 through 1992.

    Among children (<16 years), all bacteria causing epiglottitis, and among adults, Haemophilus influenzae were included.

    H inflenzae type b (Hib) caused 226 (97%) of cases among children.

    Among adults with H influenzae epiglottitis (total of 20), 19 were caused by Hib.

    In 1986, vaccine trials with Hib-conjugate vaccines started in Finland, with vaccination coverage of 94% to 98% of infants.

    Vaccinations did not yet have an effect on the occurrence of epiglottitis in 1985 or 1986 when the annual incidence among children was 5.3/100,000, among those less than 5 years of age was 13.2/100,000, and among adults was 0.08/100,000.

    Mots-clés Pascal : Inflammation, ORL pathologie, Voie respiratoire supérieure, Epidémiologie, Prévention, Enfant, Homme, Etude statistique, Finlande, Europe, Vaccination, Epiglottite, Influenzavirus B, Influenzavirus, Orthomyxoviridae, Virus

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Inflammation, ENT disease, Upper respiratory tract, Epidemiology, Prevention, Child, Human, Statistical study, Finland, Europe, Vaccination, Epiglottitis, Influenzavirus B, Influenzavirus, Orthomyxoviridae, Virus

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 94-0570297

    Code Inist : 002B10B02. Création : 09/06/1995.