A computerized data base identified 277 patients with violence-related ocular injuries seen during 16 months in an inner-city hospital.
They constituted 35% of all patients with ocular injuries during the study period.
Their demographics and ocular findings were analyzed.
One hundred sixty-seven patients (60%) were black males, 60 (22%) were white males, and 50 (18%) were females (mean age, 29 years).
The orbit was injured in 125, the retina/choroid and vitreous in 79, and the optic nerve in ten.
Seventeen had penetrating ocular injuries.
Nineteen eyes (7%) lost light perception.
One hundred forty-six (53%) patients had associated nonocular injuries, mostly facial fractures.
Bludgeons and guns were the weapons most commonly used ; theft was the most common motive ; drugs and alcohol were prominent in 35 cases.
Mots-clés Pascal : Traumatisme, Oeil, Epidémiologie, Aspect économique, Service hospitalier, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Economie santé, Homme, Oeil pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Trauma, Eye, Epidemiology, Economic aspect, Hospital ward, United States, North America, America, Health economy, Human, Eye disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 94-0566039
Code Inist : 002B16C. Création : 09/06/1995.