The use of high-efficiency particulate air-filter respirators to protect hospital workers from tuberculosis : a cost-effectiveness analysis.
After outbreaks of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention proposed the use of respirators with highefficiency particulate air filters (HEPA respirators) as part of isolation precautions against tuberculosis, along with a respiratory-protection program for health care workers that includes medical evaluation, training, and tests of the fit of the respirators.
Each HEPA respirator costs between $7.51 and $9.08, about 10 times the cost of respirators currently used.
We conducted a cost-effectiveness analysis using data from the University of Virginia Hospital on exposure to patients with tuberculosis and rates at which the purified-protein-derivative (PPD) skin test became positive in hospital workers.
Mots-clés Pascal : Tuberculose, Poumon, Prévention, Ventilation assistée, Filtre air, Technique, Homme, Hôpital, Personnel sanitaire, Traitement, Mycobactériose, Bactériose, Infection, Poumon pathologie, Appareil respiratoire pathologie, Réanimation respiratoire, Réanimation
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Tuberculosis, Lung, Prevention, Assisted ventilation, Air filter, Technique, Human, Hospital, Health staff, Treatment, Mycobacterial infection, Bacteriosis, Infection, Lung disease, Respiratory disease, Respiratory intensive care, Resuscitation
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 94-0543170
Code Inist : 002B30A03B. Création : 199501.