Nickel-related cancer in welders.
Nickel biochemistry, toxicology and ecologic issues. International conference. Sudbury ON CAN, 1992/09/07.
During stainless steel (SS) welding, solid aerosols are generated from elemental compounds which are generally considered to be human carcinogens ; i.e. compounds of hexavalent chromium (CrVI) and nickel.
Epidemiological studies among groups of SS-welders have indicated that they may carry a higher risk of acquiring lung cancer than mild steel (MS) welders using the same welding techniques.
This excess risk has been demonstrated in cohort as well as by casecontrol studies.
The present evidence does not support the view that exposure to SS-welding fumes poses a hazard of cancer at any other site.
Exposure to asbestos and smoking are generally major confounders in these studies.
Mots-clés Pascal : Nickel, Soudage, Industrie métallurgique, Acier inoxydable, Exposition professionnelle, Toxicité, Homme, Médecine travail, Tumeur maligne, Bronchopulmonaire, Epidémiologie, Acier doux, Norvège, Europe, Carcinogène, Appareil respiratoire pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Nickel, Welding, Metallurgical industry, Stainless steel, Occupational exposure, Toxicity, Human, Occupational medicine, Malignant tumor, Bronchopulmonary, Epidemiology, Mild steel, Norway, Europe, Carcinogen, Respiratory disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 94-0541231
Code Inist : 002B11A. Création : 199501.