To investigate the risk of occupationally acquired HIV infection among traditional birth attendants (TBA) in Rwanda, Africa.
A serosurvey was conducted among 219 TBA practicing in a rural but densely populated area in southern Rwanda.
Each TBA was interviewed about sociodemographic information, work-related habits and practices, and presence of nonoccupational risk factors for HIV infection.
The frequency of skin exposure to HIV-infected blood was estimated for each TBA from HIV seroprevalence data collected previously from pregnant women stratified by the geographic zones in which the TBA practiced.
Four TBA (1.8%) tested HIV-1-antibody-positive ; all four had reported nonoccupational risk factors for HIV infection.
Mots-clés Pascal : SIDA, Virose, Infection, Exposition professionnelle, Facteur risque, Personnel sanitaire, Hôpital, Accouchement, Sang, Rwanda, Afrique, Exploration immunologique, Mode transmission, Immunopathologie, Immunodéficit
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : AIDS, Viral disease, Infection, Occupational exposure, Risk factor, Health staff, Hospital, Delivery, Blood, Rwanda, Africa, Immunological investigation, Transmission mode, Immunopathology, Immune deficiency
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 94-0529630
Code Inist : 002B06D01. Création : 199501.