A survey of occupational blood contact and HIV infectiona among traditional birth attendants in Rwanda.
To investigate the risk of occupationally acquired HIV infection among traditional birth attendants (TBA) in Rwanda, Africa.
Design and methods
A serosurvey was conducted among 219 TBA practicing in a rural but densely populated area in southern Rwanda.
Each TBA was interviewed about sociodemographic information, work-related habits and practices, and presence of nonoccupational risk factors for HIV infection.
The frequency of skin exposure to HIV-infected blood was estimated for each TBA from HIV seroprevalence data collected previously from pregnant women stratified by the geographic zones in which the TBA practiced.
Four TBA (1.8%) tested HIV-1-antibody-positive ; all four had reported nonoccupational risk factors for HIV infection.
Mots-clés Pascal : SIDA, Virose, Infection, Exposition professionnelle, Facteur risque, Personnel sanitaire, Hôpital, Accouchement, Sang, Rwanda, Afrique, Exploration immunologique, Mode transmission, Immunopathologie, Immunodéficit
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : AIDS, Viral disease, Infection, Occupational exposure, Risk factor, Health staff, Hospital, Delivery, Blood, Rwanda, Africa, Immunological investigation, Transmission mode, Immunopathology, Immune deficiency
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 94-0529630
Code Inist : 002B06D01. Création : 199501.