Breastfeeding in Africa and the Latin American and Caribbean Region : the potential role of urbanization.
This paper compares breastfeeding patterns in Africa (AFR) and the Latin American and Caribbean region (LATCAR) based on demographic and health surveys conducted in 23 countries between 1986 and 1990.
Results indicate that the proportion of infants who are never breastfed is twice as high in LATCAR than in AFR.
The average median breastfeeding duration is 1.64 times higher in AFR (19.3 months) than in LATCAR (11.8 months).
The longer breastfeeding duration found in AFR was due to a better lactation performance in both rural and urban areas.
In both LATCAR and AFR 71 per cent of the 0-4-month infants were not breastfed exclusively during the first 4 months of life and breastfeeding duration was longer in rural than in urban areas.
Mots-clés Pascal : Allaitement, Afrique, Amérique Latine, Amérique, Antilles, Amérique Centrale, Urbanisation, Milieu rural, Milieu urbain, Etude comparative, Etude statistique, Homme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Breast feeding, Africa, Latin America, America, West Indies, Central America, Urbanization, Rural environment, Urban environment, Comparative study, Statistical study, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 94-0524908
Code Inist : 002B20F01. Création : 199501.