We conducted a randomized controlled trial to determine whether a home-based intervention program could reduce infant passive smoking and lower respiratory illness.
The intervention consisted of four nurse home visits during the first 6 months of life, designed to assist families to reduce the infant's exposure to tobacco smoke.
Among the 121 infants of smoking mothers who completed the study, there was a significant difference in trend over the year between the intervention and the control groups in the amount of exposure to tobacco smoke ; infants in the intervention group were exposed to 5.9 fewer cigarettes per day at 12 months.
There was no group difference in infant urine cotinine excretion.
Mots-clés Pascal : Tabagisme passif, Appareil respiratoire pathologie, Prévention, Programme sanitaire, Education sanitaire, A domicile, Efficacité traitement, Nourrisson, Homme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Passive smoking, Respiratory disease, Prevention, Sanitary program, Health education, At home, Treatment efficiency, Infant, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 94-0491525
Code Inist : 002B30A03B. Création : 199501.