We sought to determine by what amount the frequency of low birth weight (LBW) could be reduced by eliminating its known, preventable risk factors.
Based on the prevalence of risk factors such as cigarette smoking (exposure) in a population, and the degree of association (relative risk) between the risk factors and the outcome of LBW, we estimated the percentage of LBW in the United States attributable to the risk factors (population-attributable risk percentage).
We found the following associations with known preventable LBW :
Cigarette smoking accounts for 9.6% ;
alcohol consumption during pregnancy, 2.3% ;
low pre-pregnancy weight (less than 54 kg), 6.3% ;
urinary tract infections, 1.3% ;
Chlamydia trachomatis genital infections, 4.8% ;
and narcotics addiction, 3.8%.
Mots-clés Pascal : Poids naissance faible, Homme, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Prévention, Facteur risque, Gestation pathologie, Prématurité, Nouveau né pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Low birth weight, Human, United States, North America, America, Prevention, Risk factor, Pregnancy disorders, Prematurity, Newborn diseases
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 94-0487711
Code Inist : 002B27B11. Création : 199501.