Vibrio cholerae serogroup O139 Bengal, a novel strain with epidemic potential, completely displaced V. cholerae serogroup 01 in Calcutta in January 1993, which was followed by an epidemic caused by V. cholerae 0139 in March-May 1993.
From November 1992 to July 1993,95.6% of 916 V. cholerae isolates submitted to the National Institute of Cholera and Enteric Diseases from 28 locations in India were confirmed as serogroup 0139.
As of July 1993, V. cholerae 0139 had been isolated from 13 Indian states and a union territory, and large outbreaks of cholera caused by the 0139 serogroup had occurred in several cities.
The extent of spread of V. cholerae 0139 Bengal in India and its ability to swiftly disseminate leaves little doubt that this is the beginning of the eighth pandemic of cholera.
Mots-clés Pascal : Choléra, Bactériose, Infection, Vibrio cholerae, Vibrionaceae, Bactérie, Sérotype, Epidémiologie, Surveillance sanitaire, Incidence, Inde, Asie, Typage, Homme, Exploration microbiologique, Répartition géographique, Epidémie, Hygiène, Vibrio cholerae O139
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Cholera, Bacteriosis, Infection, Vibrio cholerae, Vibrionaceae, Bacteria, Serotype, Epidemiology, Sanitary surveillance, Incidence, India, Asia, Typing, Human, Microbiological investigation, Geographic distribution, Epidemic, Hygiene
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 94-0478944
Code Inist : 002B05B02L4. Création : 199501.