Traduction en anglais : Materno-foetal transmissionof human immunodeficiency virus : analysis of recent epidemiological, immunological and virological data.
Transmission of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) from mother to foetus/infant is thought to occur during pregnancy and delivery, with postnatal transmission via maternal breast feeding.
Information on the prevalence of HIV infection in women of reproductive age is required to understand epidemiologic features, to predict its future course, to initiate counseling and testing programs, and to implement prevention strategies.
In Europe and North America, transmission of HIV infection from mother to infant accounts for 15 to 20% of AIDS in children.
In contrast, reports from studies in Africa and South America give rates as high as 45 percent, probably underestimated due to the lack of systematic application of the Bangui clinical case definition of AIDS in Africa.
Mots-clés Pascal : Virus immunodéficience humaine, Lentivirinae, Retroviridae, Virus, Passage foetomaternel, Transmission homme homme, Epidémiologie, Mécanisme, Article synthèse, SIDA, Virose, Infection, Immunopathologie, Immunodéficit
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Human immunodeficiency virus, Lentivirinae, Retroviridae, Virus, Fetomaternal transfer, Transmission from man to man, Epidemiology, Mechanism, Review, AIDS, Viral disease, Infection, Immunopathology, Immune deficiency
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 94-0476694
Code Inist : 002B06D01. Création : 199501.