Etiology of acute sporadic hepatitis in Spain : the role of hepatitis C and E viruses.
The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of hepatitis viruses and analyze the epidemiological features in acute hepatitis in Spain.
Consecutive serum samples from 341 patients with acute hepatitis were tested for IgM anti-hepatitis A virus, IgM anti-hepatitis B core antigen and HBsAg.
The antibody to hepatitis C virus was determined using a second-generation enzyme immunoassay.
In selected cases, serum was tested for antibodies for hepatitis E virus by enzyme immunoassay and hepatitis C virus-RNA by polymerase chain reaction.
One hundred and fourteen (33.2%) cases of acute hepatitis were due to hepatitis A virus, 68 (20%) to hepatitis B virus, 21 (6%) to hepatitis D virus and 74 (21.8%) to hepatitis C virus infection.
Mots-clés Pascal : Hépatite virale, Virose, Infection, Aigu, Sporadique, Prévalence, Epidémiologie, Espagne, Europe, Homme, Etiologie, Hépatite virale C, Exploration immunologique, Appareil digestif pathologie, Foie pathologie, Hépatite virale E
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Viral hepatitis, Viral disease, Infection, Acute, Sporadic, Prevalence, Epidemiology, Spain, Europe, Human, Etiology, Viral hepatitis C, Immunological investigation, Digestive diseases, Hepatic disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 94-0470348
Code Inist : 002B05C02G. Création : 199501.