This study was conducted in a district of southern Thailand to evaluate village piped water (VPW) systems with respect to the process of planning and operation.
Of 67 villages in the district, 31 were installed with one or more VPW systems using water obtained from artesian wells and distributed through the pipe with neither prior filtering nor chlorination.
Seven systems were found to have stopped functioning for more than 6 months.
The direct causes of failure were lack of participation from the villagers, mechanical problems and serious conflicts among the leaders.
Of the running systems, only 4 were operating with meters for individual households.
The charge rates were probably too low to cope with sustainable maintenance costs.
The water had rust, unpleasant odors, slightly salty taste and oily surface in 50,33,29 and 4% of the systems respectively.
Among VPW users, 8% drank water from shallow wells and 77% drank unboiled water.
Mots-clés Pascal : Thaïlande, Lutte sanitaire, Zone rurale, Eau potable, Evaluation, Canalisation eau potable, Homme, Asie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Thailand, Sanitary control, Rural area, Drinking water, Evaluation, Drinking water pipe, Human, Asia
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 94-0466225
Code Inist : 002B30A02A. Création : 199501.