Perinatal mortality in Germany fell during the past four decades from 5% in 1955 to 0.5-0.6% in 1992.
This decrease was achieved by organisationaI health improvements:
movement from home to hospital deliveries, mother protection law, guiding principles for prenatal care, pregnancy passport, regionalisation of high risk cases;
and medical achievements: fetal monitoring before and during labor, ultrasound technics and neonatal intensive care units with neonatal monitoring,
PEEP ventilation and surfactant application.
This movement has been supported in the last decade by the implementation of a perinatal survey, starting in Munich, Bavaria in 1975 and distributed, since 1980, over all the states of Germany.
Mots-clés Pascal : Surveillance, Nouveau né, Homme, Allemagne, Europe, Naissance, Contrôle qualité, Mortalité, Périnatal
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Surveillance, Newborn, Human, Germany, Europe, Birth, Quality control, Mortality, Perinatal
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 94-0463316
Code Inist : 002B20G01. Création : 199406.