Social and demographic characteristics were investigated in families who had very low-birthweight infants between 1982 and 1984 (historical cohort).
Since those data were collected, the number of women using drugs during pregnancy has increased significantly.
Therefore, between 1989 and 1991 (current cohort) we continued to document sociodemographic characteristics of families of very low-birthweight infants (144 mothers, 156 infants).
Data were collected from review of hospital charts and outpatient health records, and monthly interviews.
The two cohorts were similar demographically.
Changes in family composition occurred more frequently in the current cohort.
There was a startling increase in illicit drug use between the two groups of women: 3% in the historic cohort and 20% in the current cohort.
In the historical cohort all infants went home to their mothers; however, in the current cohort 7.8% of infants were placed with other family caretakers.
Mots-clés Pascal : Poids naissance très faible, Nourrisson, Homme, Epidémiologie, Statut socioéconomique, Revenu individuel, Groupe familial, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Prématuré, Gestation pathologie, Nouveau né pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Very low birthweight, Infant, Human, Epidemiology, Socioeconomic status, Personal income, Family group, United States, North America, America, Premature, Pregnancy disorders, Newborn diseases
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 94-0463288
Code Inist : 002B27B11. Création : 199406.