The prevalence of HIV infection in East Africa has increased rapidly in recent years.
We made a prospective study of the incidence of HIV-seropositivity in patients undergoing orthopaedic procedures in a large district hospital in Bulawayo, Zimbabswe.
One of our aims was to determine whether a clinically-based screening programme, derived from the Centre for Disease Control classification of HIV infection, could identify high-risk individuals before surgery.
During a 3-month period, 76 patients were tested, and 12 were HIV-positive (16%). Only two of these patients (17%) had clinical features associated with HIV infection; ten (83%) were entirely asymptomatic.
Mots-clés Pascal : Zimbabwe, Séropositivité, SIDA, Service hospitalier, Chirurgie orthopédique, Dépistage, Prévention, Epidémiologie, Homme, Afrique, Virose, Infection, Immunopathologie, Immunodéficit
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Zimbabwe, Seropositivity, AIDS, Hospital ward, Orthopedic surgery, Medical screening, Prevention, Epidemiology, Human, Africa, Viral disease, Infection, Immunopathology, Immune deficiency
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 94-0463251
Code Inist : 002B06D01. Création : 199406.