The etiology of early childhood diarrhea : a community study from Guinea-Bissau.
A potential enteropathogen was found in 50% of 1219 diarrheal episodes and 48% of 511 asymptomatic controls in a 1-year community study of childhood diarrhea.
Rotavirus (3% of episodes), Cryptosporidium species (6%), and enteropathogenic Escherichia coli (EPEC) with EPEC adherence factor (4%) were more prevalent in cases than controls.
Giardia lamblia (19%) was the most prevalent organism but was not associated with diarrhea.
Enterotoxigenic E. coli (12%), Strongyloides stercoralis (5%), Shigella species (2%), Entamoeba histolytica trophozoites (2%), and Vibrio cholerae (1%) were found at nonsignificantly higher rates.
Salmonella and Campylobacter species were more prevalent among control infants.
Cryptosporidium species and sequential infections from other pathogens caused persistent diarrhea.
Mots-clés Pascal : Diarrhée, Exploration microbiologique, Epidémiologie, Incidence, Etiologie, Enfant, Homme, Guinée Bissau, Afrique, Appareil digestif pathologie, Intestin pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Diarrhea, Microbiological investigation, Epidemiology, Incidence, Etiology, Child, Human, Guinea-Bissau, Africa, Digestive diseases, Intestinal disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 94-0462370
Code Inist : 002B05B02F. Création : 199406.