With more than 2 years having elapsed since the last case of paralytic poliomyelitis occurred in the Western Hemisphere, significant progress has been made towards the global eradication of wild polioviruses.
Poliomyelitis is disappearing from Europe, North Africa, Southern Africa, the Middle East, China, and the Pacific.
Reported poliomyelitis cases declined to 15 587 cases in 1992.
Current eradication strategies recommended by the World Health Organization include national mass campaigns administering oral poliovaccine to all children under 5 years of age, enhanced surveillance to detect cases of acute flaccid paralysis, creating a network of laboratories for viral diagnosis, and targeted immunisation to areas and populations where poliovirus transmission is likely to persist.
Mots-clés Pascal : Organisation santé, Epidémiologie, Homme, Poliomyélite antérieure, Virose, Infection, Stratégie, Eradication
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Public health organization, Epidemiology, Human, Acute anterior poliomyelitis, Viral disease, Infection, Strategy, Eradication
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 94-0456154
Code Inist : 002B05A02. Création : 199406.