Donated blood-gift or commodity ? Some economic and ethical considerations on voluntary vs commercial donation of blood.
The author applies the theory of public goods on donated blood.
Donated blood may be taken as a « public good » like water and air, police and firebrigades.
This theory tends to imply a preference for voluntary donation and bloodbanking by public and nonprofit organisations as well as for low cost supply.
An additional commercial supply of blood nevertheless is welcome.
Quality as well as quantity of blood depend first of all on the willingness to donate and thehonesty of the donors about their health.
An altruistic motivation alone, which is not triggered by some material incentive, does not in all systems guarantee a sufficient quantity of safe blood.
Mots-clés Pascal : Donneur sang, Aspect économique, Bien collectif, Volontariat, Commercialisation, Motivation, Ethique, Etats Unis, Don sang, Amérique du Nord, Amérique
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Blood donor, Economic aspect, Public good, Volunteering, Marketing, Motivation, Ethics, United States, North America, America
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 94-0448713
Code Inist : 002B30A09. Création : 199406.