Conventional and high-resolution CT in asymptomatic asbestos-exposed workers.
To compare the value of conventional CT (CCT) and high-resolution CT (HRCT) to detect benign asbestos-related diseases, 159 exposed workers with a normal chest radiography were imaged by both techniques.
Pleural plaques were detected in a total of 59 cases (37.1%). Ten cases (16.9%) were detected by CCT only and one case (1.7%) by HRCT only.
Pulmonary lesions compatible with parenchymal asbestosis were detected by HRCT in 20 cases, whereas CCT showed abnormalities in 45% of these.
Rounded atelectasis was equally recognized by both techniques.
The results confirm that in a subject with a normal chest radiography, HRCT is a better diagnostic tool to demonstrate lesions of asbestosis.
On the other hand.
HRCT is insufficient to exclude the presence of pleural plaques.
Mots-clés Pascal : Asbestose, Stade précoce, Asymptomatique, Homme, Exposition professionnelle, Amiante, Fibre minérale, Diagnostic, Exploration radiologique, Tomodensitométrie, Haute résolution, Appareil respiratoire pathologie, Pneumoconiose, Maladie professionnelle, Poumon pathologie, Médecine travail
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Asbestosis, Early stage, Asymptomatic, Human, Occupational exposure, Asbestos, Mineral fiber, Diagnosis, Radiologic investigation, Computerized axial tomography, High resolution, Respiratory disease, Pneumoconiosis, Occupational disease, Lung disease, Occupational medicine
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 94-0418333
Code Inist : 002B03L03. Création : 199406.