The role of atopic constitution, contact sensitization, transepidermal water loss, and dry skin in the development of hand dermatitis was investigated in a prospective study of 74 apprentice hairdressers and 111 apprentice nurses.
Base-line measurements included a questionnaire on personal characteristics and anamnestic information, examination of hand skin, measurements of transepidermal water loss, patch tests, and prick tests.
The condition of the hands, previous exposure, and transepidermal water loss were followed at intervals of four to six weeks.
Cox proportional hazard models were used in the statistical analysis.
The average incidence rate of hand dermatitis was 32.8 cases per 100 person-years for the hairdressers and 14.5 cases per 100 person-years for the nurses.
Mots-clés Pascal : Dermatite contact, Allergie, Peau pathologie, Homme, Exposition professionnelle, Médecine travail, Main, Comparaison interindividuelle, Apprenti, Coiffeur, Infirmier, Sensibilité résistance, Atopie, Perte en eau, Sécheresse, Peau
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Contact dermatitis, Allergy, Skin disease, Human, Occupational exposure, Occupational medicine, Hand, Interindividual comparison, Apprentice, Hairdresser, Nurse, Sensitivity resistance, Atopy, Water loss, Drought, Skin
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 94-0371125
Code Inist : 002B06C04. Création : 199406.