The aim of the study was to investigate the prevalence and degree of hearing loss and other disabling consequences of noise among professional soldiers.
A cross-sectional audiometric survey was combined with a questionnaire study on disabilities in a stratified random sample of 699 army officers (mean age 39.8 years) with long-term exposure to gunfire noise.
In 224 (32%) officers, the hearing threshold was found to be 20 dB or less at all of the frequencies measured (0.5, 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, and 8 kHz).
Most of the 475 (68%o) subjects with hearing loss belonged to older age categories, but more than one-fourth (26%) of the officers under 30 years of age had a hearing loss.
Low frequencies were deteriorated in 110 (16%) subjects.
Mots-clés Pascal : Trouble audition, Surdité, Exposition professionnelle, Médecine travail, Militaire, Incidence, Epidémiologie, Finlande, Europe, Homme, Trouble dû au bruit, Canon, Arme, Audiométrie, ORL pathologie, Acouphène, Fusil
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Auditory disorder, Hearing loss, Occupational exposure, Occupational medicine, Military, Incidence, Epidemiology, Finland, Europe, Human, Acoustic trauma, Gun, Weapon, Audiometry, ENT disease, Tinnitus
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 94-0371122
Code Inist : 002B16D. Création : 199406.