Hearing loss and handicap of professional soldiers exposed to gunfire noise.
The aim of the study was to investigate the prevalence and degree of hearing loss and other disabling consequences of noise among professional soldiers.
A cross-sectional audiometric survey was combined with a questionnaire study on disabilities in a stratified random sample of 699 army officers (mean age 39.8 years) with long-term exposure to gunfire noise.
In 224 (32%) officers, the hearing threshold was found to be 20 dB or less at all of the frequencies measured (0.5, 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, and 8 kHz).
Most of the 475 (68%o) subjects with hearing loss belonged to older age categories, but more than one-fourth (26%) of the officers under 30 years of age had a hearing loss.
Low frequencies were deteriorated in 110 (16%) subjects.
Mots-clés Pascal : Trouble audition, Surdité, Exposition professionnelle, Médecine travail, Militaire, Incidence, Epidémiologie, Finlande, Europe, Homme, Trouble dû au bruit, Canon, Arme, Audiométrie, ORL pathologie, Acouphène, Fusil
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Auditory disorder, Hearing loss, Occupational exposure, Occupational medicine, Military, Incidence, Epidemiology, Finland, Europe, Human, Acoustic trauma, Gun, Weapon, Audiometry, ENT disease, Tinnitus
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 94-0371122
Code Inist : 002B16D. Création : 199406.