The long-term efficacy of a program to control methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) was evaluated in a 350-bed university hospital.
Three periods were monitored: pre-epidemic (January 1989-November 1989), outbreak (December 1989-June 1990) and control program (July 1990-December 1992) periods.
Control measures included cohort isolation, patient care measures and therapy (oral cotrimoxazole plus fusidic acid ointment) of MRSA carriage in patients, roommates and personnel.
A total of 117 MRSA-infected patients were detected.
For each period respectively, MRSA incidence (number of cases per 1,000 patient-days) was 3.2, 8.2 and 2.0 in the intensive care unit (ICU) and 0.08, 0.23 and 0.26 in the general wards.
Mots-clés Pascal : Résistance, Antibiotique, Programme sanitaire, Staphylococcie, Bactériose, Infection, Staphylococcus aureus, Micrococcaceae, Micrococcales, Bactérie, Hôpital, Long terme, Efficacité traitement, Espagne, Europe, Homme, Méticilline, Incidence, Epidémiologie, Mortalité, Prévention, Pénicilline dérivé
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Resistance, Antibiotic, Sanitary program, Staphylococcal infection, Bacteriosis, Infection, Staphylococcus aureus, Micrococcaceae, Micrococcales, Bacteria, Hospital, Long term, Treatment efficiency, Spain, Europe, Human, Incidence, Epidemiology, Mortality, Prevention, Penicillin derivatives
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 94-0354930
Code Inist : 002B05B02N. Création : 199406.