Advanced trauma life support program increases emergency room application of trauma resuscitative procedures in a developing country.
Over a 9-year period (July 1981-December 1985-pre-ATLS period; January 1986-June 1990-post-ATLS period), the hospital charts of 813 trauma patients with ISS>=16 were reviewed (n=413, pre-ATLS and n=400, post-ATLS) in order to assess the impact of the ATLS program.
The frequency of endotracheal intubation (ET), nasogastric tube insertion (NG), intravenous access (IV), Foley catheterization of the bladder (Foley) and chest tube insertion (CT) were compared by Pearson Chi-square analysis.
Overall, pre-ATLS vs. post-ATLS frequencies (%) were 83.5 vs. 65.3 for ET, 97.3 vs. 98.0 for IV, 74.6 vs. 96.3 for Foley, 68.3 vs. 91.3 for NG, and 18.4 vs. 47.0 for CT.
Mots-clés Pascal : Traitement, Homme, Urgence, Programme sanitaire, Traumatisme, Réanimation
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Treatment, Human, Emergency, Sanitary program, Trauma, Resuscitation
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 94-0350718
Code Inist : 002B30A01C. Création : 199406.