A three month surveillance study of methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) was carried out in the male surgical unit of the General Hospital, Peradeniya, Shri Lanka.
Nose, throat, axillary, perineal and wound swabs were taken from 251 patients and 35 staff members.
Eighty-four (27.5%) of 305 isolates of S. aureus from patients were MRSA.
Seventy-three of these isolates were also resistant to penicillin, tetracycline, erythromycin, gentamicin, chloramphenicol and co-trimoxazole.
All isolates were sensitive to fusidic acid, clindamycin, vancomycin and rifampicin.
The acquisition of MRSA was higher than of methicillin sensitive S. aureus (MRSA).
No deaths occurred due to MRSA.
Staff carriage was only 6%.
Mots-clés Pascal : Staphylococcus aureus, Micrococcaceae, Micrococcales, Bactérie, Résistance, Inde, Asie, Antibiotique, Surveillance sanitaire, Chirurgie, Hôpital, Politique sanitaire, Test sensibilité médicamenteuse, Epidémiologie, Méticilline
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Staphylococcus aureus, Micrococcaceae, Micrococcales, Bacteria, Resistance, India, Asia, Antibiotic, Sanitary surveillance, Surgery, Hospital, Health policy, Drug susceptibility test, Epidemiology
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 94-0343581
Code Inist : 002B02S02. Création : 199406.