A prospective cohort study on breast-feeding and otitis media in Swedish infants.
This study analyzed the effect of breast-feeding on the frequency of acute otitis media.
The protocol was designed to examine each child at 2, 6 and 10 months of age.
At each visit nasopharyngeal cultures were obtained, the feeding pattern was recorded and the acute otitis media (AOM) episodes were documented.
The analysis was based on 400 children from whom complete information was obtained.
They represented 83% of the newborns in the study areas.
By 1 year of age 85 (21%) children had experienced 111 AOM episodes; 63 (16%) had 1 and 22 (6%) had 2 or more episodes.
The AOM frequency was significantly lower in the breast-fed than in the non-breast-fed children in each age group (P<0.05).
Mots-clés Pascal : Etude cohorte, Allaitement, Prévention, Otite moyenne, Enfant, Homme, Suède, Europe, Epidémiologie, ORL pathologie, Oreille moyenne pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Cohort study, Breast feeding, Prevention, Otitis media, Child, Human, Sweden, Europe, Epidemiology, ENT disease, Middle ear disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 94-0317863
Code Inist : 002B10D02. Création : 199406.